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HomeHealthWomen Infertility: Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Women Infertility: Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

An illness of the reproductive system called female infertility prevent a woman from getting pregnant even following 12 months of regular, unprotected sex (or 6 months if a woman is age 35 or above).

About one-third of the time, infertility is mainly caused by female issues, and about one-third of the time, by both female and male factors. In other cases, the cause is likely unknown or a mix of male and female factors.

It may be challenging to identify the causes of female infertility. Depending on the grounds of infertility, there are many therapies. Many infertile partners will eventually become parents naturally.

As per the reports of IVF specialists, there are no visible symptoms of infertility, however, some circumstances might support its existence. These circumstances include

• An irregular menstruation – shorter (less than 21 days) or longer (35 days or more) menstrual cycles

• Strange pain – uncomfortable periods, excruciating agony during sex, or irregular vaginal bleeding

• Menstrual irregularities – 3 or more months without a period because of anovulation

Reasons for Infertility in Female

Although conception is a straightforward procedure, infertility can happen for a variety of causes, such as

1. Ovulation complications

The process of ovulation might be hampered by premature ovarian failure, polycystic ovary syndrome, thyroid issues, bad egg quality, hyperprolactinemia, etc., which can result in female infertility.

2. Fallopian tube damage

A persistent sickness, endometriosis, or a pelvic inflammatory disease may damage the fallopian tubes and further prevent sperm from reaching the egg, leading to infertility.

3. Endometriosis

Endometrial tissue on the ovaries might obstruct the fallopian tubes, preventing the male sperm from fertilizing the egg.

4. Abdominal issues

Infertility can be brought on by uterine abnormalities such as polyps and fibroids that prevent the embryo from implanting properly.

5. Unaccounted-for infertility

Even after a thorough diagnosis, unexplained infertility happens when the precise cause of female infertility is unknown.


This advice might be helpful for females who are considering becoming pregnant soon or in the future:

  • Always maintain a healthy weight – Women who are either underweight or overweight have a much higher risk of developing ovulation problems. Exercise moderately if you need to lose weight. Exercise that is extreme and intense for more than 5-6 hours every week has been linked to a reduction in ovulation.
  • Give up smoking – Tobacco usage has several detrimental impacts on fertility as well as overall health and fetal health. If you smoke socially and are thinking about getting pregnant, stop immediately.
  • Skip the alcohol – Reduced fertility may result from heavy drinking. And any alcohol consumption can harm a fetus’s health as it develops. Avoid alcohol and don’t drink while pregnant if you intend to get pregnant.
  • Reduce Stress – According to certain research, couples who are stressed out may experience worse outcomes from infertility treatments. Before attempting a baby, try to lessen your stress levels.

Visit the best gynecologist clinic right away if, after a year of unprotected sexual activity, you haven’t succeeded in getting pregnant. A gynecologist may use a variety of tests to make a proper diagnosis, including laboratory work, semen analysis, a transvaginal ultrasound, diagnosing laparoscopy, and hysterosalpingography (HSG).

Consult your gynae for assistance in diagnosing and treating infertility. A review of you and your companion is necessary. Your gynae will perform some physical examination and take a thorough medical history.

The fertility test may include this test apart from serious issues that have another special test:

Ovulation Test: You can get this test done at home with the counter-ovulation prediction test, it can help you identify the increase in luteinizing hormone (LH) that takes place before ovulation. You can confirm that you’re ovulating by having a blood test for the hormone progesterone, which is created after ovulation. Prolactin and other hormone levels may also be tested. 

Hysterosalpingography: A procedure called hysterosalpingography (his-tur-o-sal-ping-GOG-ruh-fee) involves injecting X-ray contrast into your uterus and taking an X-ray to look for any issues there. The test reveals whether the fluid leaks from your fallopian tubes and leaves your uterus. If any issues are discovered, you’ll probably want additional testing.

Ovarian Reserve Testing: The quantity and quality of eggs accessible for ovulation are determined by this testing. These blood and imaging tests may be given to women who are at risk of having fewer or no eggs, such as those over 35.

Hormone Tests: Other hormone tests measure the levels of thyroid and pituitary hormones, which regulate reproductive processes as well as ovulatory hormones.

A pelvic ultrasound tests for fallopian tube or uterine cancer. Sonohysterograms, also known as saline infusion sonograms or hysteroscopies, can sometimes be utilized to reveal uterine characteristics that aren’t visible on a standard ultrasound.

An infertile female general health may be in danger. To receive the greatest consultation and infertility treatment, you should only go to the top gynecological clinic, where qualified and experienced gynecologists and knowledgeable fertility physicians are known to practice.



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