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How to compare UPSC Syllabus for Prelims & Mains?

Union Public Service Commission releases the UPSC syllabus every year for a better understanding of patterns and topics which are crucial in this examination. The UPSC Syllabus contains three stages which are the prelims, mains, and the interview round. As the prelims exam is the first step towards your goal it’s important to have detailed knowledge about the UPSC Prelims Syllabus before proceeding with your preparation.

What is the UPSC Syllabus for Prelims?

UPSC Prelims Exam includes two papers which are GS Paper 1 (General Studies) and GS Paper 2 (CSAT). Current events, Geography, Polity and Economy are some of the elements in Paper 1. Comprehension, Logical, and Communication skills are a few of the topics in Paper 2. Understand the complete UPSC Syllabus for better preparation. 

Here are some specifics concerning the UPSC Prelims Paper 1 syllabus: 

  • Prehistoric times, Buddhism, the Indus Valley Civilization, and the Mahajanapadas are all topics covered by history. 
  • Indian Physiography and Soils a few issues in Geography include population, mineral resources, oceanography, agriculture, human development, and urbanisation. 
  • There are two sections on the environment subject. The first is ecology and the environment, and the second is biodiversity. Ecology and environment include the origin of life, the function of ecosystems, and aquatic ecosystems, while biodiversity includes the basics of diversity, coral relief, wetland areas, and other things. 
  • Constitution, Panchayati, Right Issues, Public Policy, and so on. are all covered in the syllabus for Indian Polity. 
  • Economics has a Macro and Microeconomics concepts
  • Planning, Government Scheme, Money, Banking, etc. 

In Paper 2 candidates need to prepare for English and Hindi Comprehensive skills, Analytical Ability, Basic Numeracy, Interpersonal Skills, and Decision Making, and others. 

What is the complete UPSC Syllabus?

As incomplete knowledge is dangerous, aspirants must be familiar with the entire UPSC exam syllabus. Let’s have a brief overview of it. We already discussed the prelims exam’s syllabus so here are some topics one needs to prioritise – Current Events, Art and Culture, Economics, History/Geography/ Politics.  

Understanding the UPSC Mains Syllabus is equally important. Firstly it’s divided into nine parts such as Paper A/B and Paper 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 where the last two are optional subjects. 

  • For Paper A candidates must select a language that is listed in the constitution and prepare for the Vocabulary, Essay, Comprehension, and many related others.
  • Paper B which is English and it covers similar topics as paper A with Translations, Vice -Versa, and Precis Writing. 
  • Paper 1 is all about Essay writing in any language of the candidate’s choice.
  • General Studies 1 has subjects like History, Art and Culture, Geography, and Society.  
  • General Studies 2 contains detailed knowledge about National and International Relations, Social Justice, Constitution, and so on.
  • General Studies 3 includes Technology, Disaster Management,  Biodiversity, Economics, Internal Security, and other essential topics. 
  • General Studies 4 contains every detail about Ethics and Aptitude. 

And, now last but not least the optional subjects totally depend upon the candidates’ choice details about the optional subjects are also mentioned on the official website of the UPSC. Preparation is as vital as the significance of the syllabus as preparing yourself for any exam is your own mature decision.